Carnegiea gigantea (Englm.) Britt. and Rose
- Common Name: Saguaro
- Family: Cactaceae Juss.
- Synonym(s): Cereus giganteus Engelm.
- Country of Origin: Southern Arizona, southeast California and northwest Mexico
- Habitat: Sonoran desert
- Description: Large, columnar, ribbed stem to 60 feet high and 2 feet thick, ribs 12-30; spines 20-25, gray, needle-shaped to awl-shaped, 1/2 to 3 inches long, yellow in upper areoles; flowers white, to 5 inches long, closing next afternoon; fruit oblong, red, to 3 inches in diameter, edible. Spring and summer.
This is the largest member of the Cactaceae and can reach 12 tons in weight and alleged to live more than 200 years. Pollinated by birds and insects by day, bats by night.
Sometimes transplanted from the wild but not thriving in cultivation.
- Uses: This plant has been important as a food and drink and is still collected and used in ceremonies.
- Culture: In a low-humidity, low-rainfall climate this cactus is suitable for garden or container cultivation, though it is not very easy to grow away from its native climate. Plant in humus-rich, gritty, very well-drained soil in full sun. Propagate from seed or offsets.
- Accession # 198502363
- Source: Unknown
- Accession Date: 12-31-1985
- Bench: 2213 - XER:Sonoran-Baja Deserts
- Currently: active - healthy
- Qty: 2 confirmed on 03-14-2023
- CITES Appendix II Listed Plant
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- SubClass: core eudicots
- Order: Caryophyllales
- Family: Cactaceae
- SubFamily: Cactoideae
- Tribe: Phyllocacteae
- SubTribe: Echinocereinae
- Hortus Third, LH Bailey Hortorium, 1976
- Botanica, Turner & Wasson, 1997, CD-ROM Version
- Image #00 (cropped) & #01 (original) by Ken Bosma [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Last accessed on Monday, March 05, 2018.
data regenerated on Sun, 04 Jun 2023 09:51:27 -0400 [bcm v4.0]